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What is the diagnosis for Inhalant Intoxication?

A diagnosis of “inhalant intoxication” is based on:

  • Recent intended or unintended short-term, high-dose exposure to inhalant substances, including volatile hydrocarbons such as toluene or gasoline. (Examples of other inhalant substances include glues and adhesives, aerosol paint sprays, hair sprays, and paint thinners).
  • Significant problematic behavioral or psychological changes (such as belligerence, assaultiveness, apathy, or impaired judgement) that developed during, or shortly after, exposure to inhalants.
  • Two or more of the following symptoms developed during, or shortly after, inhalant use or exposure:
    • Dizziness
    • Rapid eye movements
    • Incoordination
    • Slurred speech
    • Unsteady gait
    • Lethargy
    • Depressed reflexes
    • Psychomotor retardation
    • Tremor
    • Generalized muscle weakness
    • Blurred vision or seeing double
    • Stupor or coma
    • Euphoria

The symptoms are not attributable to another medication condition or mental disorder, including intoxication with another substance.

Mental Health Library Sources:

Information included in all topics of the Mental Health Library comes from the Desk Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria From DSM-5 and Kaplan & Sadock’s Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry. Complete diagnostic and treatment information may be found within these publications.


Information within the Mental Health Library is not intended to be used for self-diagnosis purposes. Rather, it is provided as a public educational service to make people aware of mental health conditions. Please consult a qualified mental health professional for a diagnosis of any suspected mental health illness.

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