A diagnosis of “inhalant use disorder” is based on a problematic pattern of using a hydrocarbon-based inhalant substance leading to significant impairment or distress. Inhalant substances include solvents for glues and adhesives; propellants (e.g., for aerosol paint sprays, hair sprays); paint thinners; and fuels (e.g., gasoline and propane). Inhalants are associated with a number of problems including conduct disorder, mood disorders, suicidality, and physical and sexual abuse or neglect.
A diagnosis for inhalant use disorder requires at least two of the following factors, occurring within a 12-month period:
Inhalant use disorder is rated as mild with the presence of 2-3 symptoms, moderate with 4-5 symptoms, and severe with 6 or more symptoms.
Mental Health Library Sources:
Information included in all topics of the Mental Health Library comes from the Desk Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria From DSM-5 and Kaplan & Sadock’s Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry. Complete diagnostic and treatment information may be found within these publications.
Information within the Mental Health Library is not intended to be used for self-diagnosis purposes. Rather, it is provided as a public educational service to make people aware of mental health conditions. Please consult a qualified mental health professional for a diagnosis of any suspected mental health illness.
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